Young School Aged Child Safety

Your child should practice bicycle, skating and skateboard safety. A bicycle helmet is a must when riding bicycles, skating or skateboarding. Other safety approaches mentioned earlier still apply to this age.

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Young Child Safety (Age 1 and up)

  1. All outside play near the street or driveway should be strictly supervised. Be especially careful when backing out of the driveway.
  2. Other measures concerning car safety, poisoning, drowning prevention and burn prevention, as mentioned before, all apply to this age group.
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Memento 009 Trial

Meningococcal (men-in-juh-COC-cal) disease, also called meningitis (men-in-JAI-tis) is a serious illness that causes the tissues that surround the brain and spinal cord to swell and become inflamed.

Meningococcal disease is caused by a certain type of bacteria that can make young people (10-25 years of age) very sick. Meningococcal disease can be spread through kissing, sharing the same water bottle or cup, coughing, or sneezing. Symptoms of meningococcal disease include a high fever, chills, lethargy, and a rash.

Our office is part of a clinical trial to test an investigational vaccine for MnB in adolescents ages 10 to 18 years old.

The goal of this trial is to help doctors to understand if the investigational vaccine for MnB works the same every time a batch of vaccine is made and to compare those results with adolescents who did not receive the investigational vaccine for MnB.

For more information, please contact our research department.

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Helpful Links

Medical Reference


  • Caring For Your baby and Young Child – The American Academy of Pediatrics
  • The First Three Years of Life – Dr. Burton White
  • Guide to Your Child’s Sleep – George J. Cohen, M.D.

Education provides educational tools and resources to help kids, and the community as a whole. We provide guidance, education and peer counseling for the youth and those in need.

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Stomach Ache

Most minor stomachaches in children are not serious and require no treatment. You should contact your physician if your child should have a stomach ache associated with fever, pain in urination, persistent vomiting, or if the stomach ache is severe. Severe stomachaches associated with fever and anorexia (absolutely no appetite) are potentially serious. If your child has these symptoms, you should call your doctor.

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Teeth & Teething

Most babies cut their first tooth at around six months of age, however, there is considerable variation from child to child. Teething is a normal event in a child’s life. It probably does not cause illness in children. Drooling and chewing are also normal around six months of age and these may be in part due to the discomfort of teething. In general, it is not recommended that you put salve or lotion on the baby’s gum for teething symptoms. Acetaminophen (Tempra, Tylenol – see Dosage Guide) can be given for mild teething symptoms. Certainly any severe symptom such as fever, prolonged vomiting and irritability should never be assumed to be due to teething, but rather treat it as you would any illness in your baby. Probably the best advice to give for the child who is teething is to provide a cold pacifier or cold teething ring to bite on.

Mouth Trauma

Young children may take falls and often injure their mouths in the process. Bleeding after such a fall can be due to a tear of the frenulum, which is a small growth of skin between the lip and gum. Applying pressure to the gum will stop the bleeding in a few minutes and no other treatment is needed. If teeth are loosened or knocked out, consult your dentist. If a tooth is knocked out, you should put the tooth in a clean container and bring it to your dentist. Some teeth can be replaced.


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Vomiting or forceful emptying of the stomach happens when the stomach becomes irritated. This is usually caused by a viral infection, although there are other causes. When vomiting is due to a routine stomach virus, it is sometimes associated with diarrhea.

The following treatment should be used for vomiting and/or diarrhea:

  • Give nothing by mouth for three or four hours after the last vomiting episode to rest the stomach, then begin to give fluids with frequent small sips gradually increasing the volume. If the vomiting persists for more than four hours, begin fluids (small sips) anyway, in between vomiting episodes. Much of this fluid can be absorbed even though the vomiting continues. If diarrhea alone is present, begin fluids as outlined below in large amounts.
  • Watch closely for signs of dehydration (see section on diarrhea and dehydration of this booklet).
  • For the first 24 hours, give:
    • no milk products
    • clear fluids in small amounts at room temperature and offer frequently
    • offer fluids such as: Infalyte or Pedialyte – for infants, Kool-aide or Gatorade – above the age of 2 years, Jello, Jello water, Sprite or 7-Up, Ginger-ale, Pop-sickles
  • After 24 hours: Offer bland foods if your child can tolerate these. These foods include:
    • Rice or cooked cereal (no margarine or butter)
    • Ripe bananas
    • Applesauce
    • Crackers
    • dry toast
  • After 48 hours: As your child’s appetite increases, offer foods such as:
    • Canned or cooked vegetables
    • apples
    • apricots
    • peaches
    • pears
    • Angel Food cake or plain cookies
    • Gelatin /gelatin desserts
    • Plain macaroni
    • spaghetti
    • noodles (no cheese or grease)
    • Rice or mashed potatoes
    • Baked or broiled chicken, fish or turkey
    • Bullion or chicken soup (no fat)

You should avoid milk or milk products, whole grain cereals or breads, raw fruits and vegetables, citrus fruits, red meats, greasy foods, and fried and spicy foods for five days after an episode of vomiting and/or diarrhea

You should contact your physician if:

  1. The vomiting persists for more than 12 hours.
  2. Signs of dehydration are present (see section on diarrhea and dehydration).
  3. Your child becomes confused or difficult to arouse.
  4. The vomiting is associated with a severe headache.
  5. Your child is less than two months old and is vomiting forcefully.
  6. The vomiting is green stained (bilious).
  7. Your child is unable to keep down clear liquids.
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